We normally move about constantly, even in our sleep. When the bedridden or immobilized patient cannot move and stays in one position for a long time, pressure sores or bed sores occur. Therefore, people who are ill, bedridden, or in wheelchairs, are at risk of developing bedsores.
People who are unable to move around tend to put pressure on the same areas of the body for a long time. Textiles, such as clothing and bedding, have a considerable influence on factors, such as pressure, shear/friction, and skin hydration, which contribute to skin ulceration.
Making the bed :
Bedridden elders spend a lot of time in their beds. This often leads to the bedsheets getting soiled with food stains, dirt, and other skin particles. So, if you are a caregiver of a bedridden elderly, you need to change the bedsheets along with the pillow covers on a regular basis. Changing the bed linens every 2-3 days will help maintain good hygiene. Make sure that the new set of bed sheets is washed properly before use.
It is important to choose the fabric of the bedsheet with care. Choose smooth fabrics like cotton or silk which reduce friction with the skin and can prevent the development of bedsores. The sheets should be smoothened before use.
Making the room :
Ensure that you create a healthy and comfortable environment in the room. You can do this by keeping the room well-lit and allowing space for fresh air as well as natural sunlight. You can place a table near their beds so that some of their accessories like water, books, spectacles, etc. are easily accessible.
Listed below are 5 simple things that you can do to make a bedridden patient’s room a little enjoyable.
1. Clean the Room Well:
Keep the room clutter-free. Avoid excess furniture. Avoid carpets as they may attract dust and can lead to a musty smell if not cleaned regularly. Dust the room every day. Place attractive containers, and baskets to store items so that shelves and tables are free of clutter and look pretty.
2. Bring Nature Inside:
Indoor air pollution can lead to several illnesses and health problems in the elderly such as worsening asthma, allergies, headaches, and nausea. Therefore, keep enough house plants that will not only brighten up the room but will also boost air quality.
3. New or Rearranged Decor:
Occasionally, give the room a mini makeover to bring a change. Family photos and paintings, vacation mementos, and beloved items can make a dull room shine.
4. Focus on What’s Outside:
You can keep a flowerpot just outside the window to attract birds, bees, and butterflies. Hanging flower baskets, and wind chimes can add a touch of beauty that can be seen from indoors.
5. Remote Controls:
There are several entertainment options such as gaming systems, satellite TV, video streaming services, etc. Bedridden elderly can entertain themselves as long as they know how to operate the remote controls to each device. Teach them how to operate the devices with remote controls so that they feel in control and can watch their favorite program whenever they wish to do so.